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Manipulating Sounds Activities

Phonemic Awareness Instruction
Phonemic awarenss is the ability to notice, think about, and work with the individual sounds in spoken words. Before children learn to read print, they need to become aware of how the sounds in words work. They must understand that words are made up of speech sounds, or phonemes.

Note: When a letter is in between two brackets (sample: /t/), the letter SOUND should be used instead of the letter NAME.

Phoneme isolation
Children recognize individual sounds in a word.
What is the first sound in van?
What is the final sound in the word pig?

Phoneme identity
Children recognize the same sounds in different words.
What sound is the same in fix, fall, and fun?
What sound is the same in run, rain, and rock?
What sound is the same in pail, paint, and park?

Phoneme categorization
Children recognize the word in a set of three or four words that has the "odd" sound.
Which word doesn't belong? bus, bun, rug, ball?
Which word doesn't belong? lap, love, lend, shop?

Phoneme blending
Children listen to a sequence of separately spoken phonemes, and then combine the phonemes to form a word.
Then they write and read the word.

Parent:What word is /b/ /i/ /g/?
Child: /b/ /i/ /g/ is big.
Parent: Now let's write the sounds in big: /b/, write b; /i/, write i; /g/, write g.
Parent: (Write on paper) Now we're going to read the word big.

Phoneme segmentation
Children break a word into its separate sounds, saying each sound as they tap out or count it. Then they write and read the word.
Parent:How many sounds are in grab?
Child: /g/ /r/ /a/ /b/. Four sounds.
Parent: Now let's write the sounds in grab: /g/, write g; /r/, write r; /a/, write a; /b/, write b.
Parent: (Write on paper) Now we're going to read the word grab.

Phoneme deletion
Children recognize the word that remains when a phoneme is removed from another word.
Parent:What is smile without the /s/?
Child: Smile without the /s/ is mile.

Phoneme addition
Children make a new word by adding a phoneme to an existing word.
Parent:What word do you have if you add /s/ to the beginning of park?
Child: Spark.

Phoneme substitution
Children substitute one phoneme for another to make a new word.
Parent:The word is bug. Change /g/ to /n/. What's the new word?
Child: Bun.
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